Summer - Berrilcious
... To all avid fruit Gardeners

November, December and January are the months that are packed with the harvest of berryfruit from the early Gooseberries to brambles dripping with sweet succulent fruit. I have dedicated this newsletter to berryfruit to help you with this most nutritious fruit through the summer giving you plenty of time for the beach, bar-be-ques and enjoy time with family and friends.

Enjoy your garden.

In this issue

Berryfruit 'Growing'
... more
Berryfruit 'Pruning'
... more
Berryfruit 'FAQ'
... more
Berryfruit 'Nutrition'
... more
Mouth Watering 'Berryfruit' Recipe
... more
Fruits to Harvest
... more
Guided tours of incredible edibles® Garden
... more

Berryfruit

 

Growing

When we are talking about Berryfruit we mean:

  • Strawberries
  • Raspberries
  • Brambles
  • Currants
  • Gooseberries
  • Orangeberries

All easy to grow and provide us with fruits loaded with antioxidants which help protect our bodies from the nasties of this world. All of these can be grown nation wide. Some like the gooseberries do perform better in the cooler climates with a colder winter but they will still fruit in Auckland.

Strawberries can be grown in a strawberry patch, troughs or planter bags. Planter bags are very clean and easy. I have planted my strawberries in these - four plants per bag and built a very simple structure over the top to keep the birds off. The fruit stays clean and having it raised up makes for very easy picking for tall people!

Raspberries and Brambles (Hybridberries, Boysenberries, Blackberries & Loganberries) can be grown against a fence with the help of wires for support or within a post and wire structure. Plant raspberries 800mm apart and brambles 2.5m apart.

 
But for those who do not have a garden or a very small garden space, plant these berryfruit in a wine barrel with a berry frame.

Berry Barrel Project

You will need:

  • 1 Half Barrel (or a very large outdoor plastic or ceramic pot)
  • 1 Wire Frame (available via incredible edibles® at your local garden centre)
  • 3 “Thornless Jewel' Berry Plants (or alternatives for a themed barrel of your choice see below)
  • 120 litres of good quality potting mix
  • 10 litres of bark mulch to cover barrel surface

Method:

  1. Place your barrel or large pot in a sunny, sheltered location. Remember the barrel will be heavy so plan ahead for the right position.
  2. Cut several drainage holes in the bottom of your barrel
  3. Secure your wire frame inside the barrel or pot as shown. A variety of supports can be used. The frame shown is made for incredible edibles®. Once you add the potting mix the wire structure should stay nicely in place.
  4. Fill to around 15cm from the top of the pot with your potting mix, ensuring you choose a top quality mix e.g. Daltons Garden Mix.
  5. Choose three climbing berries (also sometimes referred to as brambles) either of one variety e.g. ‘Thornless Jewel™' or a themed Barrel:

‘Mixed Berry Barrel' Choose three different brambles:

  • Thornless Jewel™: New thornless delicious sweet boysenberry fruit.
  • Loganberry: A sweet intriguing cross with soft red sweet fruit, also thornless.
  • Blackberry ‘Black Satin': The traditional blackberry flavour on a plant with no thorns.
  • Boysenberry Brulee: Semi thornless variety producing heavy crops of large berries of excellent flavour.
  • Berry Delight™: Thornless boysenberry/loganberry cross, mouth watering flavour.

‘Raspberry Barrel' Choose three different colours of Raspberry:

  • Aspiring™: The traditional red fruit from November to April
  • Ivory™: Delicate golden fruit from November to April
  • Ebony™: Rich black fruit in summer
  • Waiau: Very large fruit in summer with good flavour & firmness.
  1. Remove from their pots and place your three berries, one per ‘leg' of your support as shown and wind the stems up and around the support.
  2. Top up your mix to level with the soil surface of your plants.
  3. Water thoroughly, i.e. until water runs freely from the bottom of the barrel.
  4. Dress the surface of your berry barrel with your bark mulch to protect the shallow roots of the berry plants and retain moisture. Delicious harvested berries can be used in fruit salads, to cover a decadent Pavlova, a cheesecake, or simply serve fresh with cream for an easy vitamin-packed dessert.
  5. Regional suitability: This project can be grown from Kaitaia to Bluff.
     
   

 

 

 

 

Currants and gooseberries can be grown as stand alone specimens or as edible hedges.

Orangeberry is an excellent ground cover especially for unsightly clay banks. Have a blackberry or raspberry planted close by for pollination.

 

Pruning

Primocanes Raspberry - Aspiring and Ivory
(Summer and Autumn fruiting)

  • A cane grows in spring through to summer
  • In autumn this cane will produce fruit in the top 1/3 of the cane
  • In winter the fruited part of cane is pruned back to a strong bud (about two buds below last fruited branches)
  • Remove thin and wandering canes
  • The following summer the remaining cane produces fruit
  • After the cane has fruited it should be removed to allow light and air movement for the new canes
  • Ideally once pruning is completed there should be a maximum of 10 to 12 good canes left per plant

Life Cycle of Primocane Cane

 

Autumn

Winter

Spring

Summer

Year 1

 

 

Cane 1 grows & flowers

 

Year 2

Cane 1 produces fruit top 1/3 of cane

Cane 1 prune top 1/3 of cane
Remove thin/weak canes

Cane 1 flowers
Cane 2 grows & flowers

Cane 1 fruits

Year 3

Remove Cane 1 at ground
Cane 2 produces fruit top 1/3 of cane

Cane 2 prune top 1/3 of cane
Remove thin/weak canes

Cane 2 flowers
Cane 3 grows & flowers

Cane 2 fruits

 

Floricanes Raspberry - Ebony, Waiau
(Summer fruiting)

  • Produces strong canes in spring and summer
  • Late summer / early autumn remove 10cm of terminal growth - this will encourage lateral branches that will fruit next summer
  • Tie these canes up if required
  • Remove thin and wandering canes in winter
  • The following spring these canes will flower and set fruit for summer
  • Remove fruited canes in autumn in humid areas to encourage air movement and prevent diseases. Alternatively in cooler dryer areas leave until winter.

Life Cycle of Floricane Cane Raspberry

 

Autumn

Winter

Spring

Summer

Year 1

 

 

Cane1 grows

 

Year 2

Cane 1 remove terminal growth & tie up

Remove thin/weak canes

Cane 1 flowers
Cane 2 grows

Cane 1 fruits

Year 3

Cane 1 remove
Cane 2 remove terminal growth & tie up

Remove thin/weak canes

Cane 2 flowers
Cane 3 grows

Cane 2 fruits

Year 4

Cane 2 remove
Cane 3 remove terminal growth & tie up

Remove thin/weak canes

Cane 3 flowers

Cane 3 fruits

 

Floricanes Brambles - Blackberry, Boysenberry, Loganberry & Hybridberry
(Summer fruiting)

  • Produces strong canes in spring and summer, tie them up and wind around and along wires
  • Late summer / early autumn remove 10cm of terminal growth - this will initiates production of fruiting spurs
  • Tie these canes up to keep off the ground or they will put down roots
  • Remove thin/weak and wandering canes
  • The following spring these spurs will flower and set fruit for summer
  • In autumn remove fruited canes to soil base to encourage air movement and prevent diseases
  • Alternatively in cooler dryer areas remove fruited canes until winter.

Life Cycle of Floricane Cane Brambles

 

Autumn

Winter

Spring

Summer

Year 1

 

 

Cane 1 grows, tie up

 

Year 2

Cane 1 remove terminal growth & tie up

Remove thin/weak & wandering canes

Cane 1 flowers
Cane 2 grows, tie up

Cane 1 fruits

Year 3

Cane 1 remove
Cane 2 remove terminal growth & tie up

Remove thin/weak & wandering canes

Cane 2 flowers
Cane 3 grows, tie up

Cane 2 fruits

 

FAQ

We have 2 Berry Delight plants, 2 yrs old and growing well. The berries started off well but now they seem to be shrivelling up. Can you advise us of the reasons this could be happening. The plants are grown in Christchurch loam in the ground sheltered from the prevailing easterly wind. The soil is dry, however they have been watered. The plants are two years old, fertilised with citrus fertiliser. I sprayed them yesterday with Neem oil.

It looks like your plant has Dryberry so you need to spray a fungicide. Neem oil is a natural pesticide so it will have no affect on fungi. With the fungicide check on the label as there will be a withholding period that you will not be able to eat the fruit. Dry berry likes warm humid conditions. Should look at applying a fungicide next year as a preventive spray to assist fruiting. But presently you do need to save your plant.  

Can you tell me please what can I do in future to protect my boysenberries (thornless) from the 'worm' that has got inside nearly every fruit this year? I went to spray them earlier in the season but they were all in flower so didn't because of the bees. When and what do we do please?

Spray in September and October when the boysenberry is in flower. Spray early morning or late afternoon to avoid the bees. There are two sprays available at your local garden centre Mavrik and Success Naturalyte. These are contact sprays so good coverage is required. Follow the instructions on the label.
Spray now but check the label and use the longest withholding period. This might help with the fruit developing now. Both these sprays I am told are listed for caterpillar but should work for fruit worm.

Small orange spots occur on the Raspberry plant leaves within the first few days of purchasing. The leaves are starting to die off. I am a bit disappointed as the plant is not cheap and I wanted to buy several more.

I have now had it confirmed that it is rust and can be sprayed with Bravo twice with 10 days between.
Your plant should then motor away and have no adverse affects.

 

Nutrition

All berry fruit have strong colours - red, purples and black. These colourful fruit provide us with antioxidants (cellular police force that control the free radicals - oxygen molecules) as well as providing us with fibre, vitamins and minerals they also provide phytochemicals that fight diseases.

"Plants produce these phytochemicals to protect themselves against a variety of dangers, ranging from radiation to menacing microbes. The great thing is these defenders turn out to protect people, too, against a whole host of ills." - The Colour Code book by James Joseph, Daniel Nadeau and Anne Underwood

Join the craze/trend/movement grow your own so you can self indulge and graze on these delicious healthy fruits from your garden.

 

Endless ways to enjoy summer's bounty

Mouth Watering 'Berryfruit Cheescake'

500g Favourite berryfruit fresh or frozen (thawed & drained)
150mls cream
250g cream cheese
1tsp lemon rind
1 tbsp lemon juice
4 tbsp icing sugar
1.5 cups wine biscuit crumbs
75g butter

Melt butter and mix with biscuit crumbs. Press into greased base & sides of a 20cm pie dish. Chill.

Beat cream cheese until smooth with lemon juice, rind, icing sugar and 3 tbsp berryfruit (leave some for decoration) and mix well. Whip cream and fold into mixture. Pour into crumb base. Chill thoroughly.

Decorate with remaining berryfruit just before serving.
Serves 6-8.

 

Fruits to Harvest - Dec, Jan & Feb

Avocado Hass
Berryfruit Blackberry Black Satin, Berry Delight™, Boysenberry Brulee, Loganberry Waimate, Thornless Jewel™
Blueberry

Blue Dawn, Blue Magic, Tasty Blue

Cape Gooseberry

 
Currant Black Magnus, Red, Sefton ‘Jazz'
Loquat Kaitaia Gold, Mogi ‘Gourmet Salsa', Thames Pride
Mountain Paw Paw  

Mulberry

Hicks Early
Orangeberry  
Pepino

Blush, El Camino, Ruby

Raspberry Aspiring™, Ebony™, Ivory™, Waiau
Strawberry

Baby Pink, Camerosa, Chandler, Sundae, Supreme, Temptation

Tea  

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