Apples - KiwiApples
Originated from Europe and Asia and has been around as a food source for 4000 years. There are records of apples being sliced and dried in the sun to preserve in the Stone Age. Budding and grafting was recorded in the first century. From then onwards selected cultivars have spread throughout Europe over thousands of years. There are thousands of varieties worldwide. The common domestic apple is a hybrid of many wild species. Since the beginning of time the apple has been associated with stories and mythologies including Adam and Eve. Stories of love, health, luck, sensuality, fertility and wisdom. Every part of life and survival can be linked in some way to the apple. Today the apple is still a strong part of our family life. Considered a staple fruit of most families as it is easy to eat fresh and easy to prepare for a variety of dishes. Early English settlers brought apples to NZ as a food source on the ships. Since then new varieties have been bred here and sent back to the Olde World. The word apple comes from the Old English word aeppel. It is the main commercial fruit in the Rosaceae family. The apple is a Pome fruit meaning the fruit is derived from the flower with an inferior compound ovary. Other pome fruit are the pear, quince, loquat and medlar.
This stunning little beauty is ideal for the shrinking garden or pride of place on your apartment deck. Plant in a container with strawberries underneath to complete the picture. Apples are relatively easy to grow and can live for hundreds of years.
Good source of potassium (keeps acid balance), folic acid (for production of red blood cells & normal metabolism) and good levels of vitamin C (protect from infection) & A (important for eyesight). High in fibre (keeps you regular) and calcium (maintains good bone structure). Recent studies suggest eating an apple can help control weight gain, lower risk of heart disease, fight cancer and can help lower cholesterol. The phrase 'apple a day keeps the doctor away' runs true. Most of the nutrition is in the skin so the whole apple should be eaten, skin and all.
How to Eat
Straight off the tree. Fresh is best. These dessert apples can also be used for many puddings, chutney or dried for a sweet snack later. My favourite in winter is stuffed baked apples or apple pie with freshly whipped cream.
1kg of fruit from 2 years slowly increasing to 10kg over the coming years.
Generic Fruiting Time
Provide a sheltered site.
Do not tolerate.
Chilling each winter initiates the flowers for the spring. High chill is not required as they can be grown New Zealand wide.
A deep well drained fertile loamy soil with a ph of 6 to 7 is ideal.
Plant with support of a stake while the plant gets established.
Apples are not nutrient hungry plants so once established do not require annual applications of general fertiliser. However in the initial years a moderate application in spring will help to establish your tree.
KiwiApples are grown on a M116 Dwarfing rootstock so they will not grow fast and only reach about 1.5 metres tall. Train to a single or dual leader creating a small bush. Do not allow to grow more than 2 leaders. To make a dual leader remove the growing tip in winter and apply pruning paste to seal the wound. Very little pruning is required as they are slow growing. Remove any suckers that could be growing from the rootstock. Also any damaged or dead wood. Use pruning paste at all times. This will make sure no diseases enter the wound.
Keep your apple tree clean and free of any diseased or damaged wood or fruit.
Apply a copper spray in winter as a clean-up spray and for Black Spot (fungi). Also Fungus Fighter and Greenguard can be used to control Black Spot in spring. These have a 7 day withholding period.
Set Codling Moth Pheromone trap out in spring, one kit per 3-5 trees. The traps need to be out from October to March.
Leaf Curling Midge is another pest in spring and summer. This can be controlled with Naturalyte and has a 3 day withholding period. Or use Mineral spraying oil with nil withholding period, must not be used in high temperatures as it will burn the tree. Use early morning or late evening.
M116 rootstock is resistant to phytophtera (root rot) and Apple Wooly Aphid.
-10 degrees C.