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Passionfruit - Giant Granadilla

Passiflora quadrangularis
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(Note: This plant is no longer produced by incredible edibles®.)
This plant is a native to Central and South America and is heavily cultivated throughout the Americas. The giant of the passionfruit vines. It was growing in Barbados in 1750 and is present in several other Caribbean Islands and in Bermuda. It is commonly cultivated, and sometimes escapes from cultivation or becomes truly wild, from Mexico to Brazil and Peru. At some point in the 18th Century, it was introduced into Malaya, where it thrives in both the north and the south. In Vietnam, it is limited to the southern half of the country. Perhaps it had reached Indonesia earlier, for it is more common and even naturalized there. It is also cultivated in the lowlands of India, Ceylon and the Philippines; in tropical Africa, and throughout Queensland, Australia. In tropical North Queensland it has run wild, growing lushly in jungle areas. It flourishes and fruits heavily especially in the Cairns district. It was being grown in Hawaii in 1888 and by 1931 had become naturalized in moist places.

Landscape Value

A wonderful plant for over a fence or stunning on a pergola where the large green leaves can provide shade all year.

Nutritional Value

Good amounts of Vitamin A, protein and carbohydrates.

How to Eat

Fruit can be cooked green like a marrow or ripened and eaten fresh. The pulp can be used in a dessert or made into sherbet. The flesh of the ripe fruit, with the inner skin removed, is cut up and added to papaya, pineapple and banana slices in fruit salads, seasoned with lemon or lime juice. It is cooked with sugar and eaten as dessert, or is canned in syrup; sometimes candied; but it is so bland that it needs added flavouring. In Indonesia, the flesh and arils are eaten together with sugar and shaved ice. Australians add a little orange juice and usually serve the dish with cream. They also use the stewed flesh and raw arils together as pie filling. The whole arils can be eaten raw without removing the seeds. Jelly can be made from the unpeeled flesh boiled for 2 hours and the pulp simmered separately. The juice strained from both is combined and, with added sugar and lemon juice, is boiled until it jells.

Expected Yield

50 to 100 fruit

Growing

Sun

Plant in a sunny spot with excellent drainage.

Wind

Not wind hardy, and likes protection from cold winds. They do not grow well in salty marine conditions so plant against a sheltered wall or deck.

Climate

Grows best in mild temperatures.

Soil

Grows well in most soils but will struggle in very wet or high alkaline soils.

Planting

For quick establishment plant in spring with plenty of organic matter and mulch to keep the roots cool.

Fertiliser

Passionfruit are heavy feeders, during the growing season they require high nitrogen based NPK fertiliser, such as citrus fertiliser. Apply fertiliser regularly during the growing season.

Pruning

The fruit is formed on current seasons wood on short laterals therefore prune in early spring to encourage new fruiting growth. Train your vine up a fence or wall removing all laterals until it obtains the height you require then pinch out the top and allow to branch.

Pests

Snails can be a problem and vines can be attacked by nematodes it is important that the soils not continuously wet as this can induce fungal rots.

Hardiness

0

Special Conditions

 


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