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Guava - Tropical

Psidium Guavajava
Varieties to choose from
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Red Sensation
The Guava

The guava originates from an area extending from Mexico through Central America into South America. The guavas have been valued in South America for thousands of years, and their seeds have been found at Peruvian archaeological sites. It is more cold hardy than its name suggests, is easy to grow and has attractive foliage, fluffy white flowers over a long period and produces abundant sweet, juicy fruit.

Landscape Value

Can be trimmed to form an informal hedge or screen. Guavas also make good container plants, or stand alone as a feature plant.

Nutritional Value

Vitamin C is very high and most of this is contained in the skin, it also has good levels of fibre, vitamin A, some niacin, potassium and ellagic acid.

How to Eat

Eat fresh. The fruit can be added to ice-creams sauces, jams, cakes, drinks and chutney.

Expected Yield

A healthy tree in good soil should produce 3-50 kg of fruit per year.

Generic Fruiting Time

J F M A M J J A S O N D

Growing

Sun

They grow best in the full sun.

Wind

They are not very wind tolerant and are fairly salt resistant in sheltered positions.

Climate

Warmer climate, can tolerate hot summer temperatures. It can grow in both humid and dry climates. Will tolerate a few degrees of frost, will recover from some leaf damage. Young plants are very frost tender.

Soil

Will grow best in fertile, moist deep loams but are tolerant of other soil types including clay or sand-gravel soils but will need good drainage in all soil conditions. Will tolerate a wide ph range

Planting

Young trees, in particular, need extra protection from freezing temperatures. Allow 5-8m between trees.

Fertiliser

Young trees are nutrient hungry so will need regular applications of a balanced, complete fertiliser.

Pruning

Trimming the main stems at the end will encourage new lateral growth and produce more fruit.

Pests

Generally have few problems but whitefly could be a problem in humid areas

Hardiness

Brief frost of -3°C

Special Conditions

 


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